LST - 850 - 900 - Historie

LST - 850 - 900 - Historie

LST - 850 - 900

LST-850

LST - 850 blev nedlagt den 15. august 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 3. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Mildred M. T. Honig; og bestilt den 27. november 1944, løjtnant Perry B. Hazard i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-850 tildelt det asiatiske stillehavsteater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte skibet besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​oktober 1945. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 17. maj 1946 og overført til Pacific Reserve Fleet. Den 1. juli 1955 blev hun redesignet Juniata County (LST-850) (q.v.) efter et amt i Pennsylvania. Juniata County blev anbefalet til brug som et mål for destruktion den 20. oktober 1958 og blev slået fra Navy -listen den 1. november samme år. LST-850 tjente en kampstjerne for første verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-851

LST - 851 blev fastsat den 10. august 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 8. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Gertrude B. Van Trigt; og bestilt den 30. november 1944, løjtnant Leo T. Tyburski under kommando, under anden verdenskrig blev LST-851 tildelt teatret Asiatic_ Pacific og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i maj 1945. Efter krigen blev skib udførte besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​oktober 1945. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 24. april 1946 og blev slået fra Navy-listen den 8. maj samme år. Den 30. september 1946 blev LST- 851 solgt til Northwest Merchandising Service, Seattle, Wash. LST-851 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-852

LST - 852 blev redesignet ARL -23 og navngivet Satyr (q.v.) den 14. august 1944.

LST-853

LST - 853 blev fastsat den 30. august 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 17. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Ellen Scott DeCoursey; og bestilt den 11. december 1944, løjtnant Charles B. Salsbury i kommando. Under anden verdenskrig blev LST-853 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i maj og juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte skibet besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​december 1945. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 24. juli 1946 og blev tildelt Pacific Reserve Fleet. Den 1. juli 1955 blev hun redesignet Kane County (LST-853) (q.v.) efter amter i Illinois og Utah. Kane County blev overført til Republikken Korea Navy den 22. december 1958, hvor hun tjente som Sit Yong (LST-813). LST-853 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-854

LST - 854 blev fastsat den 30. august 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 20. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru M. A. Menkol; og bestilt den 14. december 1944, løjtnant E. J. Robeson i kommando. Under 1. verdenskrig blev LST-854 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte skibet besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og så service i Kina indtil begyndelsen af ​​marts 1949. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 21. oktober 1949 og blev genoptaget den 20. november 1950 og udførte omfattende service under Koreakrigen. Den 1. juli 1955 blev hun redesignet Kemper County (LST-854) (q.v.) efter et amt i Mississippi. Fortsatte operationer med Stillehavsflåden efter krigen, Kemper County deltog i støtten fra Republikken Vietnam, der begyndte i 1965, indtil hun blev afbrudt igen den 28. maj 1969. LST-854 tjente en kampstjerne for World War If service, fem for Koreakrigen, og en tildeling af Navy Unit Commendation og fem kampstjerner for Vietnamkrigen.

LST - 855

LST - 855 blev fastsat den 6. september 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 27. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Jeanne H. Hoerner; og bestilt den 21. december 1944, Lt. (jg.) Thomas P. Kierl i kommando. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-855 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og oplevede service i Kina indtil midten af ​​juni 1949. Skibet blev nedlagt 15. februar 1950. Den 3. november 1950 blev LST-855 taget i brug igen og udførte omfattende service under Korea -krigen. Den 1. juli 1955 blev hun redesignet Kent County (LST-855) (q.v.) efter amter i Delaware, Maryland, Michigan, Rhode Island og Texas. Efter post-koreanske operationer med Stillehavsflåden blev Kent County igen nedlagt den 22. januar 1958 og ødelagt som et mål den 19. marts samme år. Hun blev slået fra Navy-listen den 19. marts 1958. LST-855 tjente seks slagstjerner til Korea-krigen.

LST-856

LST - 856 blev fastsat den 16. september 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 1. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Patricia Wiegand; og bestilt den 23. december 1944, løjtnant Arthur E. Fisher i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-856 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og så tjeneste i Kina indtil midten af ​​februar 1946 .. Tanklandingsskibet vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 29. maj 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 3. juli samme år. Den 5. maj 1948 blev hun solgt til Bethlehem Steel Co., Bethlehem, Pa. Og derefter skrottet. LST-856 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 857

LST - 857 blev nedlagt den 19. september 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 6. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Beatrice S. Major; og bestilt den 29. december 1944, løjtnant Roy C. Parlier i kommando. Under anden verdenskrig blev LST-857 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1940. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​december 1945. Efter efterkrigstiden operationer med Stillehavsflåden, udførte LST-857 omfattende service under Korea-krigen. Den 1. juli 1955 blev skibet redesignet King County (LST-857) (q.v.) efter amter i Texas og Washington. I oktober 1957 begyndte hun at konvertere til et eksperimentelt guidet missilprøveskib og blev omklassificeret AG-157 den 17. maj 1958. Udtaget den 8. juli 1960 blev King County solgt til Zidell Explorations, Inc., Portland, Oreg., Den 25. april 1961. LST-857 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste og syv kampstjerner for koreansk tjeneste.

LST - 858

LST - 858 blev redesignet ARL -26 og navngivet Stentor (q.v.) den 14. august 1944.

LST - 859

LST - 859 blev fastsat den 26. september 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 15. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Elsie M. Marcum; og bestilt den 6. januar 1945, løjtnant Daniel D. Kipnis i kommando. Under anden verdenskrig blev LST-859 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​december 1945. Efter efterkrigsoperationer med Stillehavsflåden oplevede LST-859 omfattende service under Korea-krigen. Den 1. juli 1955 blev skibet redesignet Lafayette County (LST-859) (q.v.) efter amter i Arkansas, Florida, Mississippi, Missouri og Wisconsin: og et sogn i Louisiana. Afskaffet den 15. august 1958 blev Lafayette County overført til Republikken Kinas flåde, hvor hun tjente som Chung Cheng (LST-224). LST-859 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste og seks slagstjerner for koreansk tjeneste.

LST - 860

LST - 860 blev fastsat den 23. september 1944 i Seneca, Ill., Ved Chicago Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 19. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Marjorie C. Lindahl; og bestilt den 13. januar 1945. LST-860 gennemførte ingen kampoperationer under Anden Verdenskrig. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 1. juni 1946 og blev slået fra Navy -listen den 3. juli samme år. Den 19. marts 1948 blev tanklandingsskibet solgt til Mechanical Equipment Export Co. til drift.

LST - 861

LST - 861 blev fastsat den 18. september 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Ma chine Co .; lanceret den 4. november 1944; sponsoreret af Miss Frances K. Gadjen; og bestilt den 30. november 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-861 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i maj og juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte LST-861 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​marts 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 10. marts 1947 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 4. april samme år. Den 10. juni 1948 blev skibet solgt til Kaiser Co., Inc., Seattle, Wash. Og derefter skrottet. LST-861 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-862

LST-862 blev fastsat den 26. september 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co .; lanceret den 9. november 1944; sponsoreret af Miss Angela Tolkacz; og bestilt den 4. december 1944, Lt. R. N. Moffett, USNR, i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-862 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og så tjeneste i Kina indtil kl. midten af ​​april 1946. Tanklandingsskibet blev nedlagt i begyndelsen af ​​1946 og overført til Maritime Administration til bortskaffelse den 10. oktober 1947. LST-862 modtog en kampstjerne for 2. verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-863

LST-863 blev fastsat den 11. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co .; lanceret den 14. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Eva L. Nolan; og bestilt den 9. december 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-863 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni. 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​januar 1946. Skibet vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 19. juni 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste 31. juli samme år. Den 13. maj 1948 blev hun solgt til Hughes Bros., Inc. og derefter skrottet. LST-863 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-864

LST-864 blev fastsat den 3. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co .; lanceret den 18. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Viola J. Wathen; og bestilt den 13. december 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-864 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Far Øst og så tjeneste i Kina indtil midten af ​​januar 1947. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 1. maj 1947 og slog fra flådelisten den 22. maj samme år. Den 26. juni 1948 blev skibet solgt til Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, Wash. Og derefter skrottet. LST-864 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 865

LST - 865 blev nedlagt den 19. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co .; lanceret den 22. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Monetta S. Brendel; og bestilt den 16. december 1944. Efter krigen udførte LST-865 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og så tjeneste i Kina indtil midten af ​​december 1947. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 30. december 1947 og blev overført til den filippinske flåde samme dag, hvor hun tjente som Albay (LT-39). Skibet blev slået fra Navy -listen den 22. januar 1948.

LST - 866

LST - 866 blev fastsat den 14. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co .; lanceret den 27. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Nellie Meehan; og bestilt den 21. december 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-866 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og oplevede service i Kina indtil begyndelsen af ​​april 1946. Skibet vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 27. juni 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste 31. juli samme år. Den 25. september 1947 blev hun solgt til Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, Wash. Og derefter skrottet. LST-866 modtog en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 867

LST - 867 blev fastsat den 23. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co .; lanceret den 1. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Kathryn V. Wise; og bestilt den 18. december 1944, Ens. V. Lopresti i kommando. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-867 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​marts 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 2. juli 1946 og slog fra marinelisten 31. juli samme år. Den 25. september 1947 blev skibet solgt til Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, Wash. Og derefter skrottet.

LST - 868

LST - 868 blev fastsat den 31. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machinery Co .; lanceret den 6. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Beatrice C. Hanley; og bestilt den 30. december 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-868 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1945. LST-868 vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 9. August 1946 og slog fra Navy -listen den 10. juni 1947. Den 19. december 1947 blev skibet solgt til Northern Metals Co., Philadelphia, Pa. Til skrotning. LST-868 tjente én kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 869

LST - 869 blev fastsat den 27. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machinery Co .; lanceret den 11. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Janie G. Ray; og bestilt den 6. januar 1945, Lt. (jg.) E. Malloy i kommando. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-869 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten og så tjeneste i Kina indtil midten af ​​april 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift 31. juli 1946 og slog den 28. august ud af flådelisten år. Den 26. december 1947 blev skibet solgt til Pablo N. Ferrari & Co. til drift.

LST-870

LST - 870 blev nedlagt den 4. oktober 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machinery Co .; lanceret den 15. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Opal M. Burke; og bestilt den 10. januar 1945. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-870 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​februar 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift i juni 1946 og slog den 28. august fra Navy-listen år. Den 29. august 1947 blev skibet solgt til Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, Wash., Til skrotning. LST-87-1 LST-871 blev fastsat den 9. november 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machinery Co .; lanceret den 20. december 1944; og bestilt den 18. januar 1945. LST-871 blev redesignet LSTH-871 den 15. september 1945. Efter anden verdenskrig udførte LSTH-871 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​maj 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 4. oktober 1946 og slog fra Navy -listen den 13. november samme år. Den 30. juni 1948 blev skibet solgt til Humble Oil & Refining Co., Houston, Tex., Til drift.

LST-872

LST - 872 blev fastsat den 18. november 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machinery Co .; lanceret den 28. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Carrie 1. Morris; og blev taget i brug den 22. januar 1945. LST-872 udførte ingen kamptjeneste med den amerikanske flåde og blev taget ud af drift den 8. juli 1946 og blev slået fra Navy-listen den 15. august samme år. Den 27. oktober 1947 blev hun solgt til Northwest Merchandising Service for drift.

LST-873

LST - 873 blev fastsat den 14. november 1944 i Jeffersonville, Ind., Af Jeffersonville Boat & Machinery Co .; lanceret den 3. januar 1945; sponsoreret af Miss Florence A. Babb; og bestilt den 27. januar 1945, Lt. Ned S. Holley i kommando. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-873 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​februar 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 8. august 1946 og slog fra marinelisten 25. september samme år. Den 20. maj 1948 blev skibet solgt til Kaiser Co., Inc., Vancouver, Wash., Til skrotning.

LST-874

LST - 874 blev fastsat den 16. oktober 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 25. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Ernest B. Rainey; og bestilt den 18. december 1944. Under 1. verdenskrig blev LST-874 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Far Øst til begyndelsen af ​​januar 1946. LST-874 vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 29. maj 1946 og slog fra Navy-listen den 3. juli samme år. Den 8. juni 1948 blev skibet solgt til Donald P. Loker til drift. LST-874 tjente en kampstjerne for første verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 875

LST - 875 blev nedlagt den 18. oktober 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co. lanceret den 29. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru Karl R. Zimmermann; og bestilt den 22. december 1944, løjtnant Euliss i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-875 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i maj og juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​september 1945. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 22. april 1946 og blev slået fra Navy -listen den 19. juli samme år. Den 2. juli 1948 blev skibet overført til den filippinske flåde, hvor hun tjente som Misamis Oriental (LT-40). LST-875 tjente en kampstjerne for første verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 876

LST - 876 blev fastsat den 21. oktober 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 2. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru John S. Shochmake; og bestilt den 27. december 1944, løjtnant John V. Quillan, Jr., USNR, i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-876 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i maj og juni 1945. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev nedlagt den 28. juni 1946 og slog til fra flåden liste den 31. juli samme år. Den 4. november 1947 blev skibet solgt til W. Talbot til skrotning. LST-876 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 877

LST - 877 blev fastsat den 25. oktober 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 6. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru L. Hardeman; og bestilt den 1. januar 1945, Lt. George Lee Smith i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-877 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA blev hun taget ud af drift den 1. maj 1946 og blev slået fra flåden. liste den 3. juli samme år. Den 15. januar 1948 blev skibet solgt til California Co. til drift. LST-877 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 878

LST - 878 blev fastsat den 30. oktober 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 9. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru Richard L. Moorehead; og bestilt den 3. januar 1945, Lt. Laurence Lattomus, USNR, i kommando. Efter krigen udførte LST-878 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil slutningen af ​​november 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA, blev hun taget ud af drift den 3. maj 1946 og blev slået fra Navy-listen den 19. juli samme år. Den 5. november 1947 blev tanklandingsskibet solgt til Bosey, Filippinerne.

LST-879

LST-879 blev fastsat den 2. november 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 13. december 1944; lanceret af fru Rella G. Heath; og bestilt den 5. januar 1945. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-879 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Far Øst til midten af ​​november 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA, blev hun taget ud af drift den 26. juni 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 25. september samme år. Den 17. maj 1948 blev skibet solgt til Bethlehem Steel Co., Bethlehem, Pa. Til skrotning. LST-879 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-880

LST-880 blev nedlagt den 6. november 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 16. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru H. Quigley; og bestilt den 9. januar 1945, Lt. (jg.) James T. Connolly i kommando. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-880 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​december 1945. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 1. oktober 1946 og blev tildelt Atlantic Reserve Fleet i Green Cove Springs, Fla. Genoptaget den 20. august 1951, LST-880 tjente med Atlanterhavsflåden, herunder besættelsespligt i Europa, fra juni til november 1952. Den 1. juli 1955 blev skibet redesignet Lake County (LST-880) (qv) efter amter i 12 stater. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 25. november 1958. Erklæret uegnet til videre service, Lake County blev brugt som et målskib til destruktion.

LST-881

LST-881 blev fastsat den 10. november 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 20. december 1944; sponsoreret af Miss Pat Shobe; og bestilt den 15. januar 1945. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-881 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil slutningen af ​​september 1945. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 14. februar 1947 og slog fra Marinelisten den 5. marts, at samme år. Den 24. november 1947 blev skibet solgt til E. G. Fontes & Co. til drift.

LST-882

LST-882 blev nedlagt den 14. november 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 23. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru John R. Brown; og bestilt den 18. januar 1945. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-882 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​marts 1946. Hun vendte tilbage til USA og blev taget ud af drift den 5. juli 1946 og slog fra søværnets liste den 28. august, at samme år. Den 4. november 1947 blev skibet solgt til Moore Drydock Co., Oakland, Californien, til skrotning.

LST - 883

LST - 883 blev fastsat den 16. november 1944 i Evansville, Ind., Ved Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co .; lanceret den 30. december 1944; sponsoreret af fru D. McBride; og bestilt den 23. januar 1945, løjtnant Winfield H. Cook i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-883 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i juni 1945. Hun blev taget ud af drift den 20. april 1946 og overført til hæren. Genoptaget den 1. juli 1950 udførte LST-883 omfattende service under Koreakrigen. Den 1. juli 1955 blev hun redesignet La Moure County (LST-883) (q.v.) efter et amt i North Dakota. La Moure County, der opererede med Stillehavsflåden efter krigen, blev nedlagt igen den 7. december 1959. Skibet blev slået fra Navy -listen den 1. juli 1960 og blev solgt til Zidell Explorations Corp., Portland, Oreg., Den 30. november 1960. LST-883 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste og syv kampstjerner for Koreakrigen.

LST - 884

LST - 884 blev fastsat den 23. juli 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 30. september 1944; sponsoreret af fru Michael Durkin; og bestilt den 10. oktober 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-884 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Iwo Jima i februar 1945 og angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i april 1945. Hun var nedlagt den 16. februar 1946. På grund af omfattende skader som følge af et kamikaze-angreb den 1. april 1945 blev LST-884's hulk sænket den 6. maj 1946. Skibet blev slået fra flådelisten den 21. maj 1946. LST-884 tjente to slag stjerner for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 885

LST - 885 blev fastsat den 13. august 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 23. september 1944; sponsoreret af fru Alvin H. Tutt; og bestilt den 26. oktober 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-885 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i marts og april 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Far Øst til slutningen af ​​november 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA, blev hun taget ud af drift den 29. april 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 3. juli samme år. Den 16. december 1947 blev skibet solgt til Tex-O-Kan Flour Mills Co., Dallas, Tex., Til drift. LST-885 tjente en kampstjerne for første verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 886

LST - 886 blev fastsat den 20. august 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 30. september 1944; sponsoreret af fru C. S. Hamilton; og bestilt den 2. november 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-886 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Iwo Jima i marts 1945 og angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i april 1945. Efter krig, udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​november 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA blev hun taget ud af drift den 10. maj 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 19. juni samme år. Den 20. maj 1948 blev skibet solgt til Kaiser Co., Inc., Vancouver, Wash., Til skrotning. LST-886 tjente to kampstjerner for 2. verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-887

LST-887 blev fastsat den 27. august 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 7. oktober 1944; sponsoreret af fru F. Conroy; og bestilt den 7. november 1944, Lt. Loring 0. Chandler, USCGR, i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-887 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil slutningen af ​​oktober 1945. Den skib blev nedlagt 23. juli 1946 og tildelt Pacific Reserve Fleet. Genoptaget den 3. november 1950 udførte LST-887 omfattende service under Koreakrigen og derefter med Stillehavsflåden. Den 1. juli 1955 blev hun redesignet Lawrence County (LST-887) (q.v.) efter amter i 11 stater i USA. Udtaget igen den 22. marts 1960, Lawrence County blev slået fra Navy-listen den 1. november 1960 og solgt til den indonesiske flåde, hvor hun tjente som Tandjung Nusanixe (LST-1). LST-887 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste og tre for Koreakrigen.

LST-888

LST-888 blev fastsat den 11. august 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 14. oktober 1944; sponsoreret af fru Richard Connell; og bestilt den 13. november 1944, løjtnant Walter V. Harlin i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-888 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra marts til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​april 1946. Ved Da hun vendte tilbage til USA, blev hun nedlagt den 2. september og henvist til Atlantic Reserve Fleet i Green Cove Springs, Fla. Den 1. juli 1955 blev LST-888 redesignet Lee County (LST-888) (qv) efter amter i 12 stater i USA. Skibet blev slået fra Navy -listen den 21. september 1960 og blev solgt til Gulf Tampa Drydock, Inc., Tampa, Fla., Den 18. april 1961 til skrotning. LST-888 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-889

LST-889 blev fastlagt den 3. september 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 14. oktober 1944; sponsoreret af fru Sylvester Hohl; og bestilt den 18. november 1944, løjtnant Lon Hocker, Jr., USNR, i kommando. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-889 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​december 1945. Efter Da hun vendte tilbage til USA, blev hun taget ud af drift den 28. maj 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 19. juli samme år. Den 13. februar 1948 blev skibet solgt til Bosey, Filippinerne. LST-889 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST-890

LST-890 blev fastlagt den 10. september 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 21. oktober 1944; sponsoreret af fru Andrew Hetherington; og bestilt den 24. november 1944. Under Anden Verdenskrig blev LST-890 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Far Øst til midten af ​​oktober 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA blev hun taget ud af drift den 24. maj 1946 og blev slået fra marinenes liste den 3. juli samme år. Den 10. juni 1948 blev skibet solgt til Kaiser Co., Inc., Vancouver, Wash., Til skrotning. LST-390 tjente en kampstjerne for første verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 891

LST - 891 blev fastsat den 21. august 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 28. oktober 1944; sponsoreret af Miss Edyth Cole; og bestilt den 27. november 1944, løjtnant James F. Brown i kommando. Under 1. verdenskrig blev LST-891 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto i maj 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA blev hun taget ud af drift den 2. juli 1946 og blev slået fra flåden liste den 31. juli samme år. LST-891 tjente en kampstjerne for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.

LST - 892

LST - 892 blev fastsat den 17. september 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 28. oktober 1944; sponsoreret af fru P. Bowman; og bestilt den 30. november 1944, Lt. W. Miller i kommando. Under 1. verdenskrig blev LST-892 tildelt det asiatiske-stillehavs teater og deltog i angrebet og besættelsen af ​​Okinawa Gunto fra april til juni 1945. Efter krigen udførte hun besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil midten af ​​februar 1946. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA, blev hun taget ud af drift den 5. juli 1946 og blev slået fra Navy -listen den 28. august samme år. Den 27. oktober 1947 blev skibet solgt til Moore Dry Dock Co., Oakland, Californien, til skrotning. LST-892 tjente en kampstjerne for anden verdenskrigstjeneste.

LST - 893

LST - 893 blev fastsat den 24. september 1944 i Pittsburgh, Pa., Af Dravo Corp .; lanceret den 4. november 1944; sponsoreret af fru John Schutt; og bestilt den 4. december 1944. Efter Anden Verdenskrig udførte LST-893 besættelsespligt i Fjernøsten indtil begyndelsen af ​​december 1945. Da hun vendte tilbage til USA blev hun taget ud af drift den 8. maj 1946 og blev slået fra flådelisten den 19. June that same year. On 29 May 1948, the ship was sold to the Bethlehem Steel Co., Bethlehem, Pa., for scrapping. LST-894 LST-894 was laid down on 4 September 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 11 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Robert C. Norris; and commissioned on 12 December 1944, Lt. Wood in command. During World War II, LST-894 was assigned to the Asiatic- Pacific theater and participated in the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto in April and May 1945. The ship was decommissioned on 29 April 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 19 July that same year. On 5 December 1947, she was sold to Bosey, Philippines. LST-894 earned one battle star for World War II service. LST-895 LST-895 was laid down on I October 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 11 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Frank Brooks; and commissioned on 16 December 1944. During World War 11, LST-895 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater and participated in the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto from April through June 1945. Upon her return to the United States, she was decommissioned on 17 August 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 12 March 1948. On 10 January 1952, the ship was, sold to Babbidge & Holt Co., Inc., Portland, Oreg. LST-895 earned one battle star for World War II service. LST-896 LST-896 was laid down on 6 October 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 18 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Russell D. Strouse; and commissioned on 20 December 1944, Lt. Vinton C. Vint in command. Following World War 11, LST-896 performed occupation duty in the Far East and saw service in China until early December 1945. She was decommissioned on 3 December 1945 and struck from the Navy list on 3 January 1946. Her typhoon-damaged hulk was destroyed on 8 March 1946.

LST - 897

LST - 897 was laid down on 19 September 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 25 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Henry B. Taliaferro; and commissioned on 22 December 1944, Lt. Peter K. Peterson, USNR, in command. During World War II, LST-897 was assigned to the Asiatic- Pacific theater and participated in the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto in May and June 1945. Following the war, she performed occupation duty in the Far East and saw service in China until mid-March 1946. The ship returned to the United States and was decommissioned on 23 July 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 28 August that same year. On 15 June 1948, the tank landing ship was sold to Steel Powers for operation. LST-897 earned one battle star for World War II service.

LST - 898

LST - 898 was laid down on 15 October 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 25 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. B. Mahwhinney; and commissioned on 29 December 1944, Lt. Kallock in command. During World War II, LST-898 was assigned to the Asiatic- Pacific theater and participated in the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto from April through June 1945. Following the war, she performed occupation duty in the Far East until mid-March 1946. The ship was decommissioned on 9 May 1946 and transferred to the Army. Recommissioned on 28 August 1950, LST-898 performed extensive service during the Korean War and with the Pacific Fleet thereafter. On I July 1955, she was redesignated Lincoln County (LST-898) (q.v.) after counties in 24 states of the United States. Decommissioned again on 24 March 1961, Lincoln County was transferred to the Royal Thai Navy on 31 August 1962 where she served as Cheng (LST-2). LST-898 earned one battle star for World War 11 service and six for the Korean War.

LST - 899

LST - 899 was laid down on 22 October 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 2 December 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Trevorrow; and commissioned on 1 January 1945, Lt. Thornton in command. Following World War II, LST-899 performed occupation duty in the Far East and saw service in China until early April 1946. She returned to the United States and was decommissioned on 15 July 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 15 August that same year. On 5 December 1947, the ship was sold to the Bethlehem Steel Co., Bethlehem, Pa., for scrapping.

LST - 900

LST - 900 was laid down on 1 October 1944 at Pittsburgh, Pa., by the Dravo Corp.; launched on 9 December 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Felix R. Konkle; and commissioned on 6 January 1945, Lt. Neil A. McClaflin in command. During World War II, LST-900 was assigned to the Asiatic- Pacific theater and participated in the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto in June 1945. Following the war, she performed occupation duty in the Far East until early November 1945. The ship was decommissioned on 15 May 1946 and assigned to the Pacific Reserve Fleet. On 1 July 1955, she was redesignated Linn County (LST-900) (q.v.) after counties in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Oregon. The tank landing ship was transferred to the Republic of Korea on 2 December 1958 where she served as Puk Han (LST-815). Linn County was struck from the Navy list on 6 February 1959. LST-900 earned one battle star for World War II service.


Embroidery: A 900-year history that deserves to be told

A beautiful and intricate method of embellishing fabric, as well as a symbol of luxury and wealth, embroidery is a old art form of decorating clothing, bedding, and household goods with needle and thread.

Recently-found remains of hand-stitched and decorated clothing, boots, and hats show that embroidery was used by Cro-Magnons back in 30,000 BC. Examples of hand embroidery have been found in Siberia and China as well, dating from between 5,000 and 3,500 BC.

The art of embroidery up close. Photo credit

The art of embroidery was also popular in the time of Ancient Egypt when women decorated clothing using metallic threads. The opening of the tomb of the famous Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamen revealed one of the oldest surviving examples of embroidery.

Embroidered piece with vivid threads by the Gurjars who live in India and Pakistan. Photo credit

The Orient and the Middle East are believed to be the cradle of embroidery and most of the needlework arts. It did not take long before ancient humans realized that the stitches used to join animal skins could also be used for embellishment. The trend of wearing thread-embroidered clothing soon spread among Babylonians, Phoenicians, and Hebrews, who furthered this artisanal craft.

Examples of embroidery found on Peruvian mummies, on Coptic pieces in Egypt, and at various sites in Central Asia prove that embroidery was already evolving in the first century AD. A wide range of Chinese, Indian, and Japanese embroideries and occasional groups of early medieval embroideries in Europe are among the surviving examples dating from the 8 th –10 th centuries AD.

Traditional Japanese embroidery on a festival cart. Photo credit

The world-famous Bayeux Tapestry is the oldest piece of embroidery, dating circa 1066. This 70-meter long tapestry is actually an embroidered composition recalling the Norman Conquest of England. Given its size and the fact that it is made up of several pieces, with differently joined borders, it is speculated that it took more than 100 people several years to complete the chef d’oeuvre, which today still hangs in the town of Bayeux in Normandy.

Sections of the 1066 medieval Bayeux Tapestry, re-created in Geraldine, New Zealand

Numerous collections throughout the world dating back to the twelfth century prove that the art of embroidery gained popularity in medieval times. The existence of embroiderers’ guilds in Europe as early as the Middle Ages indicates the importance that the long tradition of embroidery had in terms of both professional and amateur production. High-quality work was done in convents, particularly in Italy and France, the church being one of the most important customers for excellent embroidery. Embroidered pieces embellished all of the textiles used in the liturgy, and smaller seed pearls and beads sewn on vellum decorated religious items and clothing.

Embroidery was a highly appreciated craft by the church and used to decorate religious items and clothing. Photo credit

Another immensely popular type of embroidery at the time was canvas needlework, produced by both professionals and amateurs. At home, needlework was considered an essential skill of every well-bred young woman. Samplers were therefore produced, enabling women to acquire the art necessary to decorate clothing and mend linens. By the middle of the 14 th century, however, the craze for needle and the thread disappeared as both design and workmanship declined.

Every well-bred young girl had to possess canvas needlework skills. Photo credit

Pattern books specifically intended to provide models for embroidery and lace appeared as early as the 16 th century. While most of them were simply collections of black and white printed designs, more ambitious publications included hand-colored plates or even embroidery samples. Not only the style changed from the ecclesiastical to the secular, but also new materials and designs reached the European soil as the Age of Sail began. A ground made of linen, silk, or satin and sometimes even velvet or leather was embroidered in various colored wools or silks, often outlined in a golden or silver thread, bringing to life flowers, fruits, animals, birds, and insects. The charming patterns led to exaggerated and grotesque designs, giving way to poorer standards of taste, workmanship, and originality.

An embroidered bookbinding (England, 16th century)

The lace that embellished collars, sock, and gloves for the first time in the 17 th century was one of the most important innovations in the fashion industry. However, the 18th century marked a turning point when embroidery became the highlight of fashion in France.

Lace was one of the most important innovations in the fashion industry. Photo credit

Known for extraordinary patterns, colorful as well as metallic and silk yarns and idyllic scenes, embroidered fashion soon became immensely popular in the everyday life of men, women, and children throughout the entire continent. These years also saw the heyday of buttons, which men favored to express their style. However, they became quite expensive due to their embellishment with precious stones and pearls. Quilting became another popular needlework technique.

A quilt illustrating Biblical motifs

Mothers taught their daughters to stitch and sew the samplers done were passed down for generations or sold at auctions for fantastic amounts. As the century went by, embroidery was more considered as a decoration rather than a symbol of status since it was applied everywhere. The growth of trade with China and the Far East refreshed embroidery designs, introducing birds with wonderful plumage and elegant flowers alongside the traditional European forms. Besides the church, the nobility was a major customer for high-quality embroidery, which during Neoclassicism was applied on lighter and softer foundations such as silk crepe, cotton, and linen muslins. The embellishment of garments, furnishings, and decorations for everyday use and special occasions was often trusted to individual designers and embroiderers who worked at the court or in noble households.

A mid-eighteenth century English sampler in monochrome, by Elizabeth Laidman.

So-called white embroidery appeared in the early 19 th century. White threads stitched on white fabric underlined the freshness, pureness, and youth of the female figure. For the first time, the arms were naked and the feet were bare, and the breast was shown in its natural shape. From 1830, fashion changed again, modifying the silhouette of the body as fabrics became heavier, decorated and printed. Samplers became popular once again, followed by the fashion for wool-work pictures. The development of sewing techniques led to the craze for artisan needlework and Berlin wool-work, which waned in popularity around the 1870s when counted cross-stitch appeared on the scene.

Woman’s Purse c. 1840. Cotton canvas with wool needlepoint (Berlin work), Europe.

Embroidered and ribbon-decorated corsets became vogue in the second half of the 19 th century. Embroidery shops sprouted like mushrooms at the very end of the century, with women completing delicate stitches by hand. These shops were further mechanized when the first embroidery machine came along in 1880. Switzerland soon became the forerunner in embroidery design and technology, followed by the United States and numerous shops based in New York City and Chicago.

A piece of excellent embroidery. Christian Dior at a Moscow exhibition. Photo credit

The idea of high fashion illuminated the beginning of the 20 th century, introducing the art of embroidery into the world of couture. Embroidery styles have changed over and over again ever since, but embroidery stitches and techniques have remained the same. Thanks to technological advances, embroidery is nowadays a computerized process of decorating, mimicking the elaborate handcraft of the past, but no less elegant, sophisticated or sought-after.


BMW F 850 GS Adventure

BMW has long had a stranglehold on the large displacement adventure bike category with bikes like the venerable R 80/100/1100/1200/1250 GS’s. Heck, some would argue BMW started the whole thing. And although the big Boxers generate more sales for the company, BMW (and KTM, for that matter) has been a player in the middleweight adventure game since the 1990s. BMW’s first Single cylinder 650 “Funduro” made it stateside in 1997, the same year KTM introduced its 640 Adventure model.

Fun fact: The first BMW F650 was designed by BMW and Aprilia jointly. Aprilia manufactured the bike in Italy with an Austrian Rotax 652cc Single engine. Remember when we could all just get along?

BMW’s middleweight adventure bike line was originally made up of the Single 650s mentioned above before the 700 and 800, now 750 and 850, Twins eventually graced dealership floors. This latest iteration of F 850 GS is powered by an 853cc parallel Twin engine that, according to our official MO dyno, cranks out 80.5 hp at 9,660 rpm and 50.6 lb-ft of torque at 7,430 rpm. The motor makes smooth power all the way up to the rev limiter. Smooth, that’s a good descriptor for the F 850 GS Adventure.

Despite the 21/17-inch wheel combo, the BMW handles nicely on road. Also of note, “off-road tires” are a no cost option for the F 850 GSA.

For $1,100 more, the Adventure model gets increased fuel capacity from 4.0 to 6.1 gallons, an extra inch of travel in the front fork, a two-way adjustable windscreen that, in conjunction with the absolutely bulbous front end, provides the most wind protection out of our trio, three seat options (rally, double, or low), engine crash bars, and a rear luggage mount. As for ride modes, cruise control, ESA, and other acronyms and niceties, those are still all upgraded through the same Essential ($550), Select ($1,550), and Premium ($2,250) packages available to the standard F 850 GS. In order, to get the F 850 GS Adventure close to the same level with all of the features found on the Triumph Tiger 900 Rally Pro, one would have to opt for the Premium package which, in addition to things like ride modes Pro, cruise control, quickshifter, TPMS, and heated grips, BMW gives the option of low suspension or its Dynamic ESA (Electronic Suspension Adjustment) – which applies only to the shock, the 43mm fork remains non-adjustable. So, to really compare apples to apples, the F 850 GSA would be ringing up for $17,540 to bring it on par with the Tiger 900 Rally Pro in terms of features.

Although the Tiger 900 uses the same technology, BMW first introduced a TFT screen mated to the outer glass which provides a very vivid display in any condition.

Alas, I think we had the (mis?)fortune to test one of the few nearly base models that BMW decided to import into the US. I’ve been told at many a BMW press introduction that BMW NA generally doesn’t plan to bring many base model GS’s stateside because their customers usually want features included in one of the three packages offered. Hey, we all have to make money somehow.

Not a lot of off-road protection going on on the underside of the F 850 GS Adventure.

But what’s it like to ride back to back with the other two middleweights in this comparo? Let’s bring it back to the word smooth. On the freeway, at 80-plus, the F 850 GS Adventure rides like a ’60s Cadillac, complete with that boat-like floaty feel as the plush suspension eats up road imperfections before they ever make their way through the cush seat to your backside. With a 5’8” rider, the BMW’s rider triangle is nearly perfect while pounding out the miles, if only for the footpegs to seem slightly high after jumping off of the KTM or Triumph. The monstrous front end – which is almost entirely made up of plastic without much fuel tank or anything else essential behind it – coupled with the adjustable windscreen, does a fantastic job of punching a train-sized hole in space giving the rider the most wind/weather protection of the three bikes tested.

Guest tester and former MOron, Tommy “Guns” Roderick concurred, “The BMW is comfy with the best wind protection of the three. Part of this stems from the bike’s ultra-wide styling. Sharing a family resemblance with its larger sibling the R1200GS Adventure is one thing, but the girth of this middleweight motorcycle is enough to make a GoldWing blush.”

And then we took it off-road…

It’ll fly, especially with Eric Bostrom on its back. It’s the landing you need to worry about.

I’ll let Tom reveal the 552 lb elephant in the room: “The GS is the heaviest of the group by a lot, and you can feel every pound of extra weight when the riding gets dirty. Even when adjusting for the extra gallon of fuel it carries, the BMW is 85 pounds heavier than the KTM. On the bright side, it carries its weight well, or as well as it can considering its too-soft suspension, so that helps.”

Tom’s spot on. The BMW’s weak point is its suspension. Like I mentioned previously, we tested a mostly stock 850 GSA which has a 43mm non-adjustable fork and a standard shock adjustable for preload via a remote handwheel and rebound. Although the Adventure model gains an additional inch of travel from the fork, it blows through the stroke so quickly it hardly matters. Unfortunately, this wasn’t only a problem when our ace-in-the-hole guest tester, AMA Supersport and dirt track champ, Eric Bostrom was ripping the 850 off-road. The Beemer suffered the same issues when trying to unwind a tight set of curves on the asphalt too.

After one of Eric Bostrom’s final jumps on BMW he joked, “they probably felt the shockwave in Ridgecrest”.

When Eric pulled in from his final photo pass on the BMW after flogging the Triumph and KTM for the camera, the first thing out of his mouth was, “This thing is actually hazardous to your health.” To be fair, Eric later admitted he may have been a bit harsh on the F 850, but he’s not totally out of line. If you plan to do serious off-roading on your middleweight adventure bike, the BMW F 850 GS Adventure simply isn’t the bike to do it with. If your plan is to pound out the miles on pavement and graded fire roads, and you’re okay keeping the pace slow and steady once the going gets tricky, the 850 GSA will fit the bill just fine. Plus, you’ll be able to go some 270 miles between fill ups.

“Besides Eric Bostrom riding the hell outta this thing in the dirt, I fail to see how this motorcycle really qualifies as an adventure bike. Sure, it has a 6.1-gallon fuel tank for making it further down the road compared to the other two in this shootout, but its suspension is too soft for any type of riding outside of smooth freeway cruising. Rubbing salt in the wound is the non-adjustable attribute of the fork.” –Thomas J. Roderick


9th Century, 801 to 900

803 The war against the Ainu ends. The emperor, Kammu, has left court-appointed aristocrats as leaders of his army, and an aristocrat, Sakanoue Tamuramaro, has emerged as a war hero and the first person with the title of Shogun.

807 The Abbasid caliph, Harun al Rashid, decress that Baghdad Jews are wear a yellow badge and Christians are to wear a blue badge.

813 The new Abbasid caliph in Baghdad, son of al Rashid, Abdallah al-Mamun, sends people to Constantinople's empire to collect scientific works by ancient Greeks.

825 The kingdom of Wessex wins in war and becomes the dominate power in England.

826 In China, the Tang Dynasty limps along politically. A reckless teenager, Jingzong, has inherited the throne &ndash the second emperor in five years. In the eyes of court eunuchs he has filled the court with incompetent persons, and they have him assassinated.

834 In Norway, two women are buried in a Viking ship. In the year 2008 it will be called the Oseberg ship. One of the women will be described as "upper class" and her skeleton indicating that she had led a hard life. The older woman, in her 70s and perhaps over 80, has cancerous tumors in her bones, perhaps having spread there from breast or uterine cancer.

840 Eunichs in China have chosen Wuzong (age 36) as emperor, and while doing so they murder two rivals to the throne and the mothers of these contenders.

841 In Scandinavia and increase in population has inspired people called Vikings or Norsemen to venture out in longboats. This year, give or take a year or so, Vikings land and build a settlement on the south bank of the River Liffey, founding what will eventually be the city of Dublin.

843 Buddhism, imported from India, has grown in China. Wuzong is an ardent Taoist, and he begins a campaign that will close Buddhist shrines and temples, return Buddhist monks and nuns to lay life and confiscate millions of acres of Buddhist land. Buddhism in China is to survive but never fully recover, while its rival, Confucianism, enjoys a renewed intellectual life.

845 Vikings journeying up the Seine River and arriving at Paris in search of loot are bribed not to attack.

850 A Muslim scholar in Baghdad, al Kindi, is using translations of Aristotle &ndash unavailable in Western Europe &ndash to create a neoplatonic school of Islamic thought.

850 Gunpowder is described in a Taoist book of alchemy, the "Classified Essentials of the Mysterious Dao of the True Origin of Things."

858 In Japan, the Nakatomi family has changed its name to Fujiwara. Fujiwara women have married into the royal Yamato family and they have given birth to Yamato emperors. The Fujiwara family runs the government and their taking power is described as having begun &ndash a power that the Fujiwara family is to keep for three centuries.

858 Christian missionaries develop the Cyrillic alphabet from written Greek &ndash an alphabet that in modern times is used in Russian, Serbian, Bulgarian and other languages.

860 Vikings have attacked at Constantinople. A new phase in Scandinavian (Viking) aggression has begun. Encouraged by former successes, the Scandinavians are beginning to attack in greater number.

861 Vikings voyage up the river Seine and attack at Paris, up the Rhine to Cologne, and they attack at Aix-la-Chapelle.

862 Vikings have reported that land is more available abroad. Their growth in population has eliminated the availability of land at home. Moving from more densely populated areas, Scandinavians have begun moving to less densely populated areas and settling down. Rurik of Scandinavia has established a dynasty at Novgorod.

865 In England, an Army of Danes has overthrown the kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia.

868 Someone in China produces a book of pages and paper.

869 The last writing on a stele in the major Maya city of Tikal is dated as 869.

870 A Sufi, Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami (Bayazid), has been spreading his wisdom. A change has been taking place in Islam, as religion had when the Roman Empire was disintegrating. Muslims are no longer looking with hope to a god that is a glorious conqueror. Instead they are looking for a sense of well-being through a personal relationship with Allah. The Sufi movement is bringing Allah down from his heights and sees Him as a loving friend &ndash the way Christians saw Jesus.

874 Vikings settle in Iceland.

899 The Maya city Tikal is abandoned. Other Mayan cities in the surrounding lowland area are collapsed while some cities in the northern Yucatan Peninsula continue to thrive. (map)

899 King Alfred the Great of Wessex has rallied England against Viking attacks. Vikings are settled and remain in Northumbria and East Anglia while a Viking army has sailed back to the continent.

900 For sometime the horse collar has been spreading in Europe, invented more than 1000 years earlier in China. The collar prevents choking a horse, ignored by Roman farmers. The collar allows a horse to pull heavier loads, needed for pulling plows in Europe's heavy soils.

900 By now a Muslim trading settlement has been established on the coast at Zeila, on the northern Somali coast, about 150 miles south of the mouth of the Red Sea.


Cahokia Sprawled Over Five Square Miles

Like cities in other parts of the world, Cahokia, which sprawled over an area of about five square miles, developed in a highly desirable spot. The settlement was situated along a flood plain that provided fertile soil for agriculture, with nearby hickory forests to provide wood and other raw materials as well as wildlife to hunt, according to Lori Belknap, site manager for the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.

Cahokia also had convenient access to the nearby Mississippi River, which its residents𠅊 people known as the Mississippian culture—navigated in large dugout canoes. “It likely was a trading center,” Belknap says.

Like a modern city with suburbs, Cahokia’s outer edge was a residential area, consisting of houses made from sapling frames lined with clay walls and covered by prairie grass roofs. Further inside was a log palisade wall and guard towers, which protected a central ceremonial precinct of the site, including Monks Mound, the Grand Plaza and 17 other mounds. More than 100 mounds extended more than a mile outside the wall in all directions. Some served as bases for what probably were important community buildings, while other cone-shaped mounds functioned as burial sites. Still others apparently were markers that delineated the city’s boundaries, according to Belknap.

At the center was the 100-foot-tall Monks Mound, the largest earthen mound in North America, which had four terraces and a ramp or stairway leading up from the ground. From the top of the mound, one could take in a panoramic view of Cahokia and its surrounding realm.

One of the most remarkable things about Cahokia is that it appears to have been carefully planned around 1000 A.D., with a rectangular-shaped Grand Plaza whose core design mirrors the native vision of the cosmos, according to archaeologist Thomas Emerson. From the beginning, the city’s builders had “grandiose visions of what Cahokia would be,” Emerson explains. “It did not grow by slow accretion through time.”

The events that led to the deliberate building of Cahokia and the rapid growth of its population remain unclear. 𠇊 religious prophet? The immigration of a foreign elite group? The introduction of maize?” Emerson says. “The options seem endless, but we have few answers right now.”

Cahokia’s decline, which began around 1250 or 1300, and culminated in the site’s abandonment by 1350, are similarly mysterious. A recent study suggests the settlement’s demise was linked to climate change since a decrease in rainfall would have affected the Mississippians’ ability to grow their staple crop of maize. Others think that the sheer size and diversity of the Cahokian population may have led to irreconcilable rifts.

“It was a large population, composed of immigrants from the midcontinent who brought very different practices and beliefs to the city,” Emerson says. “The management of differences requires a strong social and political consensus within a group. If that consensus collapses, societies will fragment into their smaller groups that existed based on kinship, ethnicity, religious beliefs, residential propinquity, shared economic goals, etc.”


WHAT IS MY USED TREK WORTH? (If "PRICELESS!" is not sufficiently accurate for you.)

eBay.com is the best practical guide. It can tell you what similar bikes recently sold for on eBay. Try search/ advanced search/ check "completed items only". This way, you get the final prices paid. Search for words like "Trek road" with words to exclude "aluminum carbon". You also can search more specifically, such as for "Trek 400". You might need to try for a few weeks to find a bike similar to yours, if it is not a common model.

To compare a local sale to an eBay sale, you should add the cost of shipping to the eBay price. A low value bike can be hard to sell on eBay for top dollar if the bike is to be shipped, as that can add $50 or more to the price.

Craigslist.org can provide some information about current prices. However, these are asking prices, not the actual price for which the bike was sold. One can search by region on the Craigslist.org site. One can search for an item on Craigslist overall (not just by region). Use a search engine (Google or Yahoo etc.) and include "Craigslist" as the first keyword. Follow this by what you are looking for. For example "Craigslist Trek 760".

A very rough measure of current selling price is to multiply the original selling price by a percentage. See the price information above for prices of many Treks when new. For bikes 1976 to about 1983, one can use a range of 40% to 70% for a bike. For bikes from about 1984 to 1990, one can use 33% to 50% of the original selling price. This is for bikes with good to excellent paint and in good to excellent overall condition. Condition is very important. A bike in mint condition will sell well above these ranges, perhaps at or above the original price when new. A bike in poor condition, especially one with significant rust inside and out, has little value.

The percentage for selling frames is higher than for bikes because the frames are less outdated than old components. For frames 1976 to 1983, one can use a range of 40% to 100%. For frames from about 1984 to 1990, one can use 33% to 80% of the original selling price. This is for frames in good to excellent overall condition.

The bike values above are useful only if the potential buyer is a person who appreciates a vintage lightweight or specifically, a vintage Trek. A vintage road bike offered at a garage sale might never be sold, even for a ridiculously low price, because it is unlikely the right buyer will come along. See Selling Suggestions for help in finding the right buyer.

Value can vary by season. Road bikes typically sell for more money and more quickly in the Spring and early Summer. An exception is for local sales in regions that don't have cold or rainy Fall and Winter seasons. Another exception is high end collector bikes, which tend to be season independent.


Starting with TDM machines manufactured in 2001, Yamaha decided to upgrade the displacement of the parallel engine. Now sporting an 897cc displacement, the long-standing TDM only got better and a tad more powerful, bringing even more joy to the riders. The bike retained its dual-sport character, being an excellent commuter, but at the same time a very nifty tourer, especially when equipped wi.


Europe 750 CE

Medieval Europe is beginning to emerge from the wreckage of the Ancient World.

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Lost your way? See a list of all maps

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Civilizations

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

What is happening in Europe in 750CE

Western Europe

The past two and a half centuries have seen the Franks come to rule most of modern-day France and much of Germany. Their kings are active supporters of the Catholic church and its leaders, the popes (based in Rome). The Franks will shortly intervene in Italy to safeguard a pope against his enemies, the Lombards.

In these areas of western Europe, urban life and culture is mostly a thing of the past. Economic life is now largely based on huge self-contained estates (the precursors of medieval “manors”) a class of warrior land-owners dominates society. Literacy and education is almost exclusively the preserve of the Christian clergy, and Graeco-Roman learning is preserved only in monasteries.

The frontiers of Europe

Pagan tribes still inhabit central, eastern and northern Europe. England is now divided amongst a group of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, with Celtic kingdoms to their north and west. Most of these have now converted to Christianity.

Spain has been conquered by the vast Muslim Caliphate. The Christians hang on only in the mountainous north.

The Byzantine empire

To the East, the Roman empire has also been battered by Muslim armies. Other enemies, pagan tribes from central Europe, have occupied most of the Balkans.

As a result of these attacks, the Roman empire (or Byzantine empire, as modern scholars call it) is now but a fraction of its former size. Internally, Byzantine society has also changed a great deal. The great cities of the past have now all but vanished, with Constantinople the only sizeable one left. Nevertheless, Graeco-Roman culture is still cherished, and (along with Christian teaching) remains the basis for the education of the upper classes.

Dig Deeper

Premium units

Europe in the Middle Ages (a PowerPoint bird’s eye view of a thousand years of history)

Medieval Europe 400 to 1000 CE (a more in-depth look at the early Middle Ages)


Ghana Empire flourishes ca. 850 AD. Rurik, Varagian chieftain and founder of the Rurik Dynasty becomes Prince of Novgorod in 862 AD. The Photian schism between the Eastern and Western Churches between 863-867 AD. Boris I of Bulgaria is baptized in 864 AD. The founder of the Macedonian dynasty, Basil I becomes Byzantine Emperor on September 23, 867 AD. Islamic philosopher and scientists Al-Kindi dies in 870 AD. Eastern part of the Carolingian Empire is partitioned between the three sons of Louis the German on his death on June 28, 876 AD. Western part of the Carolingian Empire fells into decline after death of Charles the Bald on October 6, 877 AD. King of Wessex, Alfred the Great defeats the Danes in the Battle of Ethandun in 878 AD. Oleg of Novgorod captures Kiev in 882 AD. King of East Francia, Charles the Fat unites the Carolingian Empire in 885 AD. Alfred the Great dies on October 26, 899 AD.

900 - 949 AD

A Norwegian Viking Gunnbjörn Ulfsson discovers Greenland ca. 900 AD. Collapse of the Classic Maya Civilization ca. 900 AD. The Hungarians defeat the Bavarian army under the command of Margrave Luitpold of Bavaria in the Battle of Pressburg on July 5, 907 AD. The fall of the Tang Dynasty in 907 AD is followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. The last Carolingian ruler of East Francia, Louis the Child dies on November 10, 911 AD. King of West Francia, Charles the Simple gives Normandy to the Viking leader Rollo as a fief. Gorm the Old becomes King of Denmark ca. 920 AD. Henry I the Fowler becomes King of Germany on May 15, 919 AD. Persian philosopher and physician Rhazes dies on October 27, 925 AD. Arab astronomer Al-Batani dies in 929 AD. Saint Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia is killed in a plot on September 29, 935 AD. Otto I is crowned King of Germany on August 8, 936 AD. Athelstan of England defeats the combined Norse-Celtic forces in the Battle of Brunanburh and claims the title king of all Britain in 937 AD.

950 - 999 AD

The first monasteries are built in the Mount Athos ca. 950 AD. Otto I decisively defeats the Hungarians in the Battle of Lechfeld on June 6, 955 AD. Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus dies on November 11, 959 AD. Danish king Harald "Bluetooth" is baptized ca. 960 AD. The Song Dynasty becomes the ruling dynasty in China ca. 960 AD. Otto I is crowned Holy Roman Emperor on February 2, 962 AD. The first historical ruler of Poland, Mieszko I converts to Christianity in 966 AD. The Fatimids capture Egypt in 969 AD. The fist Nordic settlement in Greenland is founded by Eric the Red ca. 980 AD. Hugh Capet succeeds the last Carolingian ruler in West Francia and becomes the first King of France in July 3, 987 AD. Vladimir I of Kiev converts to Christianity in 988 AD. Otto III is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Gregory V on June 21, 996 AD.


The Last Settlements

By the late 10th century, the Vikings have either been expelled or melted into the populations of Europe. The Vikings still have worlds to attempt to conquer: North Americas.

902: Dublin is decisively defeated and the Vikings are expelled from Ireland.

917: Vikings retake Dublin.

918–920: Lincoln falls to the English king Edward the Elder and Aethelflaed.

919: Exiled Irish-Viking king Ragnall takes York, and as a king of Northumbria, submits to King Edward of Essex.

920: Ragnall dies and is succeeded by Sitric, a dynastic Viking rule.

930–980: First Norse invaders in England become established as settlers

954: Eirik Bloodaxe dies and Vikings lose control of York.

959: Danelaw established.

980–1050: Newly established Norwegian and Danish kings launch attacks on England

985: Norse farmers led by Erik the Red settle Greenland, but the colony eventually fails, but only after 300 years.

1000: Leif Erikson finds North America and sets up a colony on Newfoundland, but the colony fails after 10 years.

1002–1008: The Laws of Edward and Guthrum are enacted in the Danelaw, the first time the term is used.

1014: Vikings defeated at Clontarf by Brian Boru.

1016: Danish King Cnut named king of England, Denmark, and Norway.

1035: Cnut dies.

September 25, 1066: Norman Harald Hardrada dies at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, the traditional end of the Viking Era.


Se videoen: This Saab 900 Was Built to Last